Originally inhabited by the Dharawal, Gundungurra and Cubbitch-barta people, the land became part of the vast holdings acquired by John Macarthur in the early years of the 1800s. Cawdor was the first village to develop in the Cowpastures district. It predated Camden by more than 20 years. The name was given to the area by Governor Macquarie to honour his wife’s family’s connection to Scotland.
The area still supports dairy farms. In the 1960s and 1970s, both the eastern & western sides of Cawdor Road were subdivided and sold, but in the early 1990s local residents were successful in opposing proposed higher density developments. Today most of the suburb is part of Wollondilly Shire although the cemeteries remain in Camden Local Government Area. In 2001, Camden High School was moved from the centre of Camden township to Cawdor Road. A development application for a proposed Muslim school in Cawdor was rejected on appeal to the Land and Environment Court in 2009.
(Information provided by Camden Historical Society, Camden Council Library Service and Camden Council Community Profile)